The Ultimate Guide to Fighting Spam on Google Maps
Updated February 28, 2022
This is mainly due to the fact that law firms have been rebranding at a dizzying pace so they can legitimately include keywords in their Google Business Profile name. In addition to that, we have observed the following over the last two years:
- Spam fighting is often not a long-term strategy. Spam fighting is something that will fade away over time unless the business being impacted by spam continually expands the number of locations or services they offer
- You might actually be helping the competition. This is because sometimes we see spam listings filtering their proper listing
- Spam tends to come back, over, and over, and over..
With that said, spam is still an issue and deserves your attention. My goal with this guide is to help you get better at reporting spam so that you can keep Google’s search results cleaner and better. This guide also is using the Google My Business guidelines as an indicator of what is not allowed.
On a related note, Joy will be sharing her observations on “The State of Spam Fighting: What We Learned From Analyzing 5,306 Listings in 16 Industries” at our upcoming LocalU event on April 5, 2022.
What is Spam?
It’s important to define the 4 main things you’ll be trying to eliminate.
- Keyword Stuffing in Business Names
- Businesses that are not eligible to be on Google Maps
- Businesses with multiple listings for the same business
- Listings for businesses at locations where they don’t physically exist
Before you submit an edit or escalate spam to Google you need to collect sufficient research to make sure you are certain about the information you’re submitting.
- Does the business name on the listing match what’s on their sign in Street View?
- Does the business name on the listing match what is listed on their business license? You can look at how a business is registered by searching for them on their state’s Secretary of State website.
- Call the phone number. How do they answer the phone? When you’re making these calls, call from Gmail so that your number is anonymous and they can’t call you back. Many spammers who create tons of fake listings answer their phone with something generic like “Hello, locksmith” or “Hello, service”. Normal businesses generally answer with their business name. If they answer as just “hello” you can always ask “Hi, I’m trying to make sure I got the right number, what business is this?”
- Other government documents can be used to verify a business name
- Lawyers: State Bar
- Medical Industry: https://npiregistry.cms.hhs.gov/
- What name is listed on their website? Often these people will list their name as “keyword 1, 2, 3” on Google yet their About us page on their website lists their real name.
- Go take a picture of the actual location. Photos can be used as proof.
- Does Street View confirm they are at this address?
- Do a Google search for the address. Does it return a UPS store website or mail service? (Neither of these are allowed).
- Zoom in on Google Maps to identify other listings that are also using this same address.
- Drive by the location. Take pictures. Is the business actually there?
- Call the business and ask for directions to their office and see how they respond.
- Does the address on the listing match what is listed on their website?
From our experience, organization is one of the most important parts of effective spam fighting. Here’s a copy of the spam fighting sheet that we use to keep organized at Sterling Sky. Feel free to make yourself a copy.
- If you come across tons of listings using the same address/phone number you may have fallen across a spam network. I would advise investigating and reporting as many as you can (some of these networks contain thousands of listings)
- Run some of the websites through http://domainbigdata.com/ and check what other sites are on that same IP address.
- Check the reviews on the listing. Often people who leave fake reviews leave them for tons of fake listings. If you see something like this where the user has left a review for 2 different garage door companies from 2 different states, it’s a sign that it’s probably a marketing company writing them and can lead you to discover more fake business listings.
On February 27, 2019 Marrissa Nordahl from Google posted an announcement that there is a new way for users to report offenders that are spamming on Google Maps/Google My Business.
You can now do so by filling in this form which will submit a report to the Google My Business team. Another huge announcement attached to this is that the Google Product Experts will no longer be able to assist with spam reports since they are retiring the spam section the forum.
Submitting your own edits to spam listings has become a far less effective way of dealing with spam over the last year. Editing listings manually has become a major pain point for spam fighters as edits to very obvious spam more often than not get denied by Google.
With that said, we still think it’s a good practice to submit edits this way. It can help build your editing profile authority when they do get approved. And yes, sometimes they still do get approved.
Where to Edit
You can edit listings for businesses via Google Maps > Suggest an Edit (note: this only appears in Google Maps not the Local Finder on Google search. When you’ve submitted your edit, you will get an email when it is approved. If it doesn’t get approved, you do not get an email telling you this. Thus, it’s important to check your contributions tab on Google Maps to see if the status is pending, approved, or denied (it will say “Not Applied”).
How to Edit
Through Google Maps:
Go to Google Maps, pull up the listing and press “Suggest an Edit”.
- Depending on the type of spam select:
- “Change name or other details” or
- “Remove this place”
- If it’s the business name that is wrong, select the “Change name or other details” and submit an edit to remove keyword stuffing.
- If it’s a location that doesn’t exist, select “Remove this place” and then select “Doesn’t Exist” or “Spam, fake, or offensive” from the drop-down list.
The Waiting Game
So how long does it take for an edit to be reviewed? It really depends on your profile and how much trust you have. You can help increase this by regularly editing and reviewing on Google Maps. Note that Having a higher Local Guide level does not mean you’ll get more edits published.
The current turnaround time on the Redressal Form is about two weeks.
Just because your edit got approved, your task is not over.
If you reported it as spam and it was a verified listing, be prepared for someone at Google My Business (GMB) to incorrectly reinstate the listing. It happens all the time. Don’t believe me, check out the examples in this article. When this type of thing happens, definitely bring it up over at the GMB forum and one of the Product Experts might be able to help you. Be very sure to be polite in your posts. Ranting at Google or the volunteers at the forum won’t help the situation at all.
If you edited the business name and it was a verified listing, be prepared for the business owner to just change it back the next day through the Google My Business dashboard. If this keeps happening, make sure to use the Redressal Form and clarify how many times you’ve edited the business name and how quickly it reverted back. This should help make a case to Google for why the listing should get a soft suspension (the listing becomes unverified). Google has also recently started giving hard penalties for repeat offender keyword stuffers.
When you use the Redressal Form give some evidence to prove your case:
- For sources, only use government sources (like the business license search referenced above), the business website (or the website of the business that really owns that address, like UPS), images you’ve taken & shared online of the business (Ex: I drove by, here is what’s really there), or images on Street View.
- You can always reference other listings on Maps as proof that this listing shouldn’t be there (Ex: this business already has a listing here…)
- Never use 3rd party sites as sources (ex: The business is listed this way on Facebook or Yelp)
- Using Street View is helpful and recommended. List a specific link to the zoomed-in version of Street View that shows the particular sign/building.
If you enjoy fixing spam on Google Maps and use Twitter, feel free to use the hashtag #StopCrapOnTheMap to get the attention of some of the GMB Product Experts.
For those of you reading this thinking “This is Google’s problems, they should fix it”, I agree. However, we don’t live in a perfect world so it’s best to try and correct the problem yourself if you have the ability to do so. After all, if Google did everything perfectly for every business would you have a job in Local SEO?
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This Post Has 65 Comments
Great article and interesting insights.
While I agree the way Walmart was listed above isn’t technically ‘within their guidelines’ I don’t believe it’s actual keyword stuffing. I can speak from personal experience, that 2 – 3 years ago, this type of naming convention was pretty much required as it was useful from a user experience standpoint, especially when a business had multiple locations and it was difficult to manage in the old back end. I’ve only noticed recently that people in the Map Maker community have made a fuss out of this sort of naming convention.
I’m not talking about keyword stuffing (i.e putting additional services in the name) but the use of the GEO is quite helpful (e.g north, south, east, west etc.) in separating individual locations.
I am sure there are a lot of people who break the guidelines who don’t do it intentionally. I am sure Walmart falls into that group. However, the fact is that inserting additional words (geo, category, address info) is currently against guidelines and has been now since the fall of 2014 when Google updated them. I think a year and a half is enough time for people to be familiar with the new guidelines 🙂 Fixing business names is important because the business name is a ranking factor so those who are breaking the guidelines are reaping a benefit that those who are following the rules cannot have.
Hello I need help with reporting a company with about 15 plus multiple duplicate listings that all have the same IP address
You can flag the reviews and Google will review them. Right now (due to COVID) that’s about the only option.
Phenomenal guide. I nominate this as one of the best pieces the industry will be treated to in 2016. Thanks for all of the hard work and experience you’ve put into this. I know I’ll be sharing it!
Thanks Miriam 🙂 Means a lot coming from you!
Great article, thanks a lot!
Great article Joy, I am currently editing the Equinox fitness clubs in NYC. They add the location GEO for each location, e.g. Equinox SoHo, Equinox Flatiron, etc. I updated to just “Equinox” however their local SEO Specialist must think otherwise and has reverted them back to Name + GEO. How do you make changes permanently stick as this is becoming a fun game as I change them back.
Good question Andy. I’m not sure there is a way to make it permanently stick. It’s one of the most irritating things about all this. I’m going to send this to Google to see if they’ll comment.
Thanks Joy 🙂
What about spam listings that hide their address for a service based business, and are verified?
You can still report these in Google Maps. Just follow the instructions I have on this post for how to report via Google Maps.
This article warms my heart Joy. I’ve been spiraling down into the spam that is negatively impacting legitimate clients and it really grates on me how lead gen sites are able to skirt the rules with SAB listings or locations using mailbox services. I feel like the burden of proof should be on the business owner who has an office in the same building as a mailbox service rather than the burden being on the community to police every offender who abuses this. We have even seen the more sophisticated networks using personal condos registered as SAB’s, which makes it hard to prove to Google moderators.
One trick we have used if you find categories that are being heavily abused (Garage Door Repair, Locksmiths, etc.) is to log all your research in a Google Spreadsheet. If it comes to reporting via the GMB forum this makes it far easier on the moderators and we have seen quicker results.
Fingers crossed the Googs is able to make some quick advances here as it’s hurting legitimate clients and they’re pressing to use the same spammy tactics if we can’t eliminate it.
I wouldn’t hold your breath waiting on Google to fix it 😉 For now I would say the burden is on SEO companies to do this for their clients. The recent algorithm update has helped though!
Great guide, but I still wish there was an even more direct way to notify Google of businesses using spam tactics. As a small business owner, it’s tough to win a football game when the opponent is so obviously playing by rugby rules– and not being penalized for it.
Thanks for your work, advice, and insight in this area.
I have one question around geographic place names and Google Earth. In speaking with the official BC Geographic Names Office, they also say this is a big problem.
There is mountain in Northern BC that has for many years been called one thing by the locals, and then a few years ago, a BC hiking association renamed it (and some other local peaks) after a nearby pass. It now shows on Google Earth to what they named it. Despite repeated requests to remove the name, and their assurances that they would, it still remains years later.
We feel this is not right that armchair geographers can simply click a mouse to change something like this, and which by default, over time, becomes the new name as more people use Google Earth.
Is there any assistance within the Google Earth community or the somewhere else that could be of assistance with this specific issue?
Honestly when it comes to listings to do with landmarks or features on the map unrelated to businesses, I would defer you to the Maps or MapMaker Forum. If you ask your question there and clarify which mountain you are referring to, I’m sure they can get you the answer.
Hi Joy. Very interesting. I just checked out some spam from my local competitors and submitted an edit to a business name which was very clearly spam. I received an email from Google Maps within 10 minutes informing me that my edit had been made. The corrected name also appeared in Google’s local pack, the local finder and on maps immediately. Not only that, their ranking was adjusted downwards for the query they were clearly spamming for (= SEO + Location).
Keep an eye on it. They will most likely add the keywords back via GMB once they realize you edited it 🙁
Great update. I just bought a design company, dallas website design inc.com with the website dallas websitedesign.com
The site had zero seo so I hop in to start last week… what do you know, 7 other people in dallas called Dallas website design…..
Does this method work for listings claimed by Yext? I know they boast that no one can manually override the information they have.
All these tactics are related to listings on Google Maps so yes, they work for any listing regardless of who created it. I believe Yext’s claim is more for other Yellowpages types of listings that they have the ability to “lock” due to their partnership with that directory. Google has no such partnership with anyone so it doesn’t apply to Google listings.
Hi Joy, this topic seems totally new for me and trust me…I really enjoyed reading it. I’ll also enjoy fixing the spam on Google Maps.
Many times I had come across duplicate listing with keywords been used instead of actual business listing, but never thought of reporting or editing them.
Now your this post has added a new task on my local SEO task list.
Thanks for this interesting, helpful post. I hope it works for many of my clients.
Great article! I’ve personally found this helpful while dealing with such cases as I’m not from the US, or Canada and wouldn’t know where to start.
Just a small suggestion, to report unverified listings it is acceptable to post on the Google Maps and Earth Help Forum as well.
This might be the preferred option, as not all users are Local Guides and one needs to join the Local Guides program to be able to post on the Local Guides Connect forum.
Great article Joy. Not going to lie this was a major issue for some other SEO colleagues of mine. Luckily I didn’t have to go through it, but I’ll make sure to send them this article.
Thanks, Joy for the article. Personally, I have never come across this nor have any of my friends but always great to aware of what is happening.
Thank you Joy Hawkins, you have given best tips to stop fighting spam on google maps, according to me the most annoying thing that i hate is multiple business with same names.
Thanks for the tips, Joy! Unfortunately, I’ve seen this happen SO many times. Glad someone is finally addressing it.
Joy, is it your position that Lead Gen sites should be banned or do you see any legitimate path for Lead Gen sites to exist? Thank you.
Dave – my opinion on this doesn’t matter 🙂 Google’s, however, does and they do not allow those types of listings. When caught, they are removed.
A useful article – do your recommendations/methods work in the UK and other countries ?
They should work everywhere. A few of the resources mentioned (such as the Secretary of State) are only in the USA so you’d want to use your country’s equivalent instead.
What should you answer on the Redress Form question, “Name of the entity or organization that is getting impacted *” (* meaning a required field). Should it be the name of the business I’m reporting or the name of the business I’m working for?
Put the name of the business you’re reporting.
Good Morning Joy,
Unfortunately, reporting map spam has been a huge issue for us. There are over 200 fake map listings on google that are really just lead providers. I report them over and over and no results. Their address shows empty homes and all the same phone numbers.
This is a great article to say the least. There is so much for us to wrap our heads around when dealing with the Goog monster. And it’s been this way for years. Legitimate businesses who are honest, and do what is right, always seem to win out in the end.
Hi Joy, this topic seems totally new for me and trust me. I really enjoyed reading it. I’ll also enjoy fixing the spam on Google Maps. Thank you for posting such helpful information.
This is something that has become a real problem. I wonder if Google will ever really do anything about it.
Hi Thank you for this post. I am facing this problem and suffering a lot because of this. I hope reporting spammers will help to bring some genuine customers.
Thanks for the post. I was looking for a site like http://domainbigdata.com/ we looked into this as well and found that you are allowed shared workspaces as long as the number you call goes to the company which I found interesting
The index spamming is the most tedious task I have ever confronted in my SEO journey. It takes not less than 3 to 4 months to fully recover, and the recovery ain’t substantial.
Wish Google would pay more attention to maps and clean it up !
We should pay more attention
We are moving. Do I need to change my location on all of the local business sites?
I would update it on the top 20 and the ones that rank for your brand name.
Hey Joy, thanks for the article. Super helpful. Will the company you are reporting know (or find out) who submitted the complaint? A client is concerned their competitor will find out who ‘dobbed them in’. Cheers
Google would be able to see it but they don’t send it to the business that you’re reporting.
There is a ton of worthless spam but because of how Google is dealing with it they have made negative SEO a real problem. Someone reports you as fake and its MONTHS to get it solved. If they have a high enough guide account Google wont listen to you no matter how much proof you give them. I am going through it right now. Someone convinced them and even though I have provided photos from the lobby sign, the sign on the door, interior photos, a video of going down the hall to the office and unlocking the door and going into the office, I even sent them a copy of my lease and liability insurance and they STILL insist its not real its completely insane.
Then of course Google will ban all the listings in the same account including your clients listings. Its absolutely criminal. I have had Google employees tell me to do one thing then later find out its technically a TOS, but they were the ones who said to do it. Google needs to get their act together because the fake listings are bulletproof but real ones are getting taken down. I can show you competitors with Regus virtual office addresses that just stick.
thanx a lot for the guide.. so much annoying this spam!! thanks a lot
Good stuff !! I have used the form 5 times just now, this spammers got to go!!
Unbelivable that google allow it for so many years ..
Hi Joy, if a business does not have a business license will Google care? Does not having one help prove a business is spam/fake?
It’s definitely one of the things Google looks at but you don’t HAVE to have one. It’s just a very good idea.
Hey, Joy I really liked your tips to fight against spam on Google Maps. Today’s its very conman to have multiple listing of the same business on Google Maps, I am sure your tips will work.
Which industries are the most affected by spam in Google maps? That list would make this the ultimate guide!
I’ll start it:
3. Home Improvement
I see spam impact any industry where you don’t have to actually show up in person to do the transaction. So I would add anything in home services (plumbing, garage door repair, glass repair etc) and insurance to your list.
Thank you Joy Hawkins, you have given best tips to stop fighting spam on google maps, according to me the most annoying thing that i hate is multiple business with same names.
Hi, I Have A Doubt like While finding out the spam listings daily & reporting them to the google with same Gmail account will consider my request for the removal of the spam!
Hi Joy, this is long overdue but is the first time I’ve commented on one of your blog posts. I’m an avid reader and loved this one. Lots of great GMB info. Thanks for all of the great articles. Keep it up!
Thanks for writing this. I love reporting Google Maps spam, glad I’m not alone. I think a lot of it is just automatically pulled from small business registries with the owner’s home address listed so “not open to the public” is my most common classification. I truly despise seeing a ton of little non-existent businesses in residential areas.
Yes there is a spam in google map. But no one knows or speaks about this. Its good to see this article.
Thank you for the update Joy 🙂
Great post Joy. This issue has come up for some of my clients. I’ll keep this post bookmarked and refer to it when needed. Thansk
Great Post, I am agree with you but is this happen in current year.
Great post! Thanks for putting this together. It was very insightful.